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Renewable energy and desalination

 
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Renewable energy and desalination
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valobasha99
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Dołączył: 03 Gru 2023
Posty: 1

Post Renewable energy and desalination Odpowiedz z cytatem
In April, the start-up of the Jubail 3A desalination plant (Saudi Arabia) made the news, being the first large desalination plant in the world that will be partially powered by renewable energy , as it has a photovoltaic plant, integrated into its facilities. with a generation power of 45 MW.

This news serves to illustrate the moment in which the integration of renewable energy with desalination is . It should not be lost sight of that this integration is, without a doubt, one of the main challenges that desalination must face in the coming years.

This integration is not a new goal. In our country, this objective was present at the beginning of the design of the desalination plants developed by ACUAMED . The solar irradiation of the southeast of the peninsula defined a favorable scenario for the generation of photovoltaic solar energy. However, at that time, the costs associated with this technology did not allow its effective integration into the production of desalinated water.

And the thing is that, until now, the only possibility of carrying out the supply of renewable energy on a large scale has been through the Special Data requirement of guarantees of origin, regulated in Order ITC/1522/2007. These guarantees certify that a certain volume of electrical energy has been generated from renewable energy sources or highly efficient cogeneration. These guarantees have a cost, which in the last year has risen significantly due to its growing demand.

Currently, the conditions exist to integrate photovoltaic generation into large-scale desalination in a direct way.
However, currently, the conditions exist to integrate photovoltaic generation into large-scale desalination in a direct way, through self-consumption:

Technological evolution and reduction in the costs of photovoltaic energy , which is reflected in the increase in photovoltaic plants for self-consumption in our country.
High volatility of the electricity market , influenced by fluctuations in the price of gas, which entails the urgent need to reduce exposure to the market and opt for alternative supply sources to stabilize the electricity cost in the medium term.

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Increase in demand for desalinated water , for supply and irrigation, which allows desalination plants to operate at full capacity, which translates into stable energy demand that facilitates the integration of photovoltaic energy.
Modification of article 122 of the Water Law through RDL 6/2022 of March 29 . In accordance with this modification, the electrical energy generating facilities intended for the operation of hydraulic works are considered an inseparable part of said works. Furthermore, in the case of hydraulic works declared of general interest, such as the ACUAMED desalination plants, the generating plants are considered complementary to the hydraulic works.
Due to the increase in demand for desalinated water, ACUAMED is developing projects to increase the capacity of its plants. These projects will allow an increase in availability of 109 hm 3 .

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Nie Gru 03, 2023 11:17
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